Galactic and MC O-AGBs and RSGs stars

We investigate the occurrence of crystalline silicates in oxygen-rich evolved stars across a range of metallicities and mass-loss rates. It has been suggested that the crystalline silicate feature strength increases with increasing mass-loss rate, implying a correlation between lattice structure and wind density. To test this, we analyse Spitzer Infrared Spectrograph and Infrared Space Observatory Short Wavelength Spectrometer spectra of 217 oxygen-rich asymptotic giant branch and 98 red supergiants in the Milky Way, the Large and Small Magellanic Clouds, and Galactic globular clusters. These encompass a range of spectral morphologies from the spectrally rich which exhibit a wealth of crystalline and amorphous silicate features to 'naked' (dust-free) stars. We combine spectroscopic and photometric observations with the GRAMS grid of radiative transfer models to derive (dust) mass-loss rates and temperature. We then measure the strength of the crystalline silicate bands at 23, 28 and 33{mu}m. We detect crystalline silicates in stars with dust mass-loss rates which span over 3dex, down to rates of ~10^-9^M_{sun}_/yr. Detections of crystalline silicates are more prevalent in higher mass-loss rate objects, though the highest mass-loss rate objects do not show the 23-{mu}m feature, possibly due to the low temperature of the forsterite grains or it may indicate that the 23-{mu}m band is going into absorption due to high column density. Furthermore, we detect a change in the crystalline silicate mineralogy with metallicity, with enstatite seen increasingly at low metallicity.

Cone search capability for table J/MNRAS/427/3209/table2 (Details of the sources in the LMC sample)

Cone search capability for table J/MNRAS/427/3209/table3 (Details of the sources in the SMC sample)

Cone search capability for table J/MNRAS/427/3209/table4 (Details of the sources in the Galatic ISO/SWS sample)

Cone search capability for table J/MNRAS/427/3209/table5 (Details of the sources in the Galactic Spitzer IRS sample)

Cone search capability for table J/MNRAS/427/3209/table6 (Details of the sources in the globular cluster sample)

Related Identifier
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Metadata Access
Creator Jones O.C.; Kemper F.; Sargent B.A.; McDonald I.; Gielen C.; Woods P.M.,Sloan G.C.; Boyer M.L.; Zijlstra A.A.; Clayton G.C.; Kraemer K.E.,Srinivasan S.; Ruffle P.M.E.
Publisher CDS
Publication Year 2015
OpenAccess true
Contact CDS support team <cds-question(at)>
Resource Type Dataset; AstroObjects
Discipline Astrophysics and Astronomy; Cosmology; Galactic and extragalactic Astronomy; Natural Sciences; Physics; Stellar Astronomy