Variable dust emission by WC type Wolf-Rayets

Photometry at 3.4 and 4.6{mu}m of 128 Population I WC type Wolf-Rayet stars in the Galaxy and 12 in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) observed in the WISE NEOWISE-R survey was searched for evidence of circumstellar dust emission and its variation. Infrared spectral energy distributions (SEDs) were assembled, making use of archival r, i, Z, and Y photometry to determine reddening and stellar wind levels for the WC stars found in recent IR surveys and lacking optical photometry. From their SEDs, 10 apparently non-variable stars were newly identified as dust makers, including three, WR 102-22, WR 110-10, and WR 124-10, having subtype earlier than WC8-9, the first such stars to show this phenomenon. The 11 stars found to show variable dust emission include six new episodic dust makers, WR 47c, WR 75-11, WR 91-1, WR 122-14, and WR 125-1 in the Galaxy and HD 38030 in the LMC. Of previously known dust makers, NEOWISE-R photometry of WR 19 captured its rise to maximum in 2018 confirming the 10.1-yr period, that of WR 125 the beginning of a new episode of dust formation suggesting a period near 28.3yr. while that of HD 36402 covered almost a whole period and forced revision of it to 5.1yr.

Cone search capability for table J/MNRAS/488/1282/table1 (Galactic program stars)

Cone search capability for table J/MNRAS/488/1282/table2 (Large Magellanic Cloud program stars)

Cone search capability for table J/MNRAS/488/1282/table19 (Properties of WR stars showing variation in their dust emission, including orbital information or indications of possible binarity)

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Creator Williams P.M.
Publisher CDS
Publication Year 2023
OpenAccess true
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Resource Type Dataset; AstroObjects
Discipline Astrophysics and Astronomy; Galactic and extragalactic Astronomy; Natural Sciences; Observational Astronomy; Physics; Stellar Astronomy