6111 micro-lensing events with MOA

We report the discoveries of low-mass free-floating planet (FFP) candidates from the analysis of 2006-2014 MOA-II Galactic bulge survey data. In this data set, we found 6111 microlensing candidates and identified a statistical sample consisting of 3535 high-quality single-lens events with Einstein radius crossing times in the range 0.057<tE/days<757, including 13 events that show clear finite-source effects with angular Einstein radii of 0.90<{theta}E/{mu}as<332.54. Two of the 12 events with tE<1day have significant finite-source effects, and one event, MOA-9y-5919, with tE=0.057{+/-}0.016days and {theta}E=0.90{+/-}0.14{mu}as, is the second terrestrial-mass FFP candidate to date. A Bayesian analysis indicates a lens mass of 0.75_-0.46_^+1.23^M{Earth} for this event. The low detection efficiency for short-duration events implies a large population of low-mass FFPs. The microlensing detection efficiency for low-mass planet events depends on both the Einstein radius crossing times and the angular Einstein radii, so we have used image-level simulations to determine the detection efficiency dependence on both tE and {theta}E. This allows us to use a Galactic model to simulate the tE and {theta}E distribution of events produced by the known stellar populations and models of the FFP distribution that are fit to the data. Methods like this will be needed for the more precise FFP demographics determinations from Nancy Grace Roman Space Telescope data.

Cone search capability for table J/AJ/166/107/table3 (All 6111 visually-identified microlensing events timescale event candidates of tE<1 day)

Source https://dc.g-vo.org/rr/q/lp/custom/CDS.VizieR/J/AJ/166/107
Related Identifier https://cdsarc.cds.unistra.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/AJ/166/107
Related Identifier http://vizier.cds.unistra.fr/viz-bin/VizieR-2?-source=J/AJ/166/107
Metadata Access http://dc.g-vo.org/rr/q/pmh/pubreg.xml?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=oai_b2find&identifier=ivo://CDS.VizieR/J/AJ/166/107
Creator Koshimoto N.; Sumi T.; Bennett D.P.; Bozza V.; Mroz P.; Udalski A.,Rattenbury N.J.; Abe F.; Barry R.; Bhattacharya A.; Bond I.A.; Fujii H.,Fukui A.; Hamada R.; Hirao Y.; Silva S.I.; Itow Y.; Kirikawa R.; Kondo I.,Matsubara Y.; Miyazaki S.; Muraki Y.; Olmschenk G.; Ranc C.; Satoh Y.,Suzuki D.; Tomoyoshi M.; Tristram P.J.; Vandorou A.; Yama H.,Yamashita K.; MOA Collaboration
Publisher CDS
Publication Year 2024
Rights https://cds.unistra.fr/vizier-org/licences_vizier.html
OpenAccess true
Contact CDS support team <cds-question(at)unistra.fr>
Resource Type Dataset; AstroObjects
Discipline Astrophysical Processes; Astrophysics and Astronomy; Exoplanet Astronomy; Natural Sciences; Observational Astronomy; Physics