Stellar properties of Kron 3 stars

We present the results of a spectroscopic study of the intermediate age (~=6.5Gyr) massive cluster Kron 3 in the Small Magellanic Cloud. We measure CN and CH band strengths (at ~=3839 and 4300{AA}, respectively) using VLT FORS2 spectra of 16 cluster members and find a sub-population of five stars enriched in nitrogen. We conclude that this is evidence for multiple populations in Kron 3, the fourth intermediate age cluster, after Lindsay 1, NGC 416 and NGC 339 (ages 6-8Gyr), to display this phenomenon originally thought to be a unique characteristic of old globular clusters. At ~=6.5Gyr this is one of the youngest clusters with multiple populations, indicating that the mechanism responsible for their onset must operate until a redshift of at least 0.75, much later than the peak of globular cluster formation at redshift ~3.

Cone search capability for table J/MNRAS/476/114/table1 (*Stellar properties for all 35 stars in our programme)

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Creator Hollyhead K.; Lardo C.; Kacharov N.; Bastian N.; Hilker M.; Rejkuba M.,Koch A.; Grebel E.K.; Georgiev I.
Publisher CDS
Publication Year 2021
OpenAccess true
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Resource Type Dataset; AstroObjects
Discipline Astrophysics and Astronomy; Galactic and extragalactic Astronomy; Interdisciplinary Astronomy; Natural Sciences; Observational Astronomy; Physics; Stellar Astronomy