XMM-COSMOS Catalog of Optical/IR Counterparts

This table contains the final optical identifications of the medium-depth (~60 ks), contiguous (2 degree<sup>2</sup>) XMM-Newton survey of the COSMOS field. XMM-Newton has detected ~1800 X-ray sources down to limiting fluxes of ~5 x 10<sup>-16</sup>, ~3 x 10<sup>-15</sup>, and ~7 x 10<sup>-15</sup> erg cm<sup>-2</sup> s<sup>-1</sup> in the 0.5-2 keV, 2-10 keV, and 5-10 keV bands, respectively (~1 x 10<sup>-15</sup>, ~6 x 10<sup>-15</sup>, and ~1 x 10<sup>-14</sup> erg cm<sup>-2</sup> s<sup>-1</sup>, in the three bands, respectively, over 50% of the area). The work is complemented by an extensive collection of multi-wavelength data from 24 microns to UV, available from the COSMOS survey, for each of the X-ray sources, including spectroscopic redshifts for >~50% of the sample, and high-quality photometric redshifts for the rest. The XMM-Newton and multi-wavelength flux limits are well matched: 1760 (98%) of the X-ray sources have optical counterparts, 1711 (~95%) have IRAC counterparts, and 1394 (~78%) have MIPS 24 um detections. Thanks to the redshift completeness (almost 100%) the authors were able to constrain the high-luminosity tail of the X-ray luminosity function confirming that the peak of the number density of log L<sub>X</sub> > 44.5 active galactic nuclei (AGNs) is at z ~ 2. Spectroscopically identified obscured and unobscured AGNs, as well as normal and star-forming galaxies, present well-defined optical and infrared properties. The authors devised a robust method to identify a sample of ~150 high-redshift (z > 1), obscured AGN candidates for which optical spectroscopy is not available. They were able to determine that the fraction of the obscured AGN population at the highest (L<sub>X</sub> > 10<sup>44</sup> erg s<sup>-1</sup>) X-ray luminosity is ~15%-30% when selection effects are taken into account, providing an important observational constraint for X-ray background synthesis. The authors studied in detail the optical spectrum and the overall spectral energy distribution of a prototypical Type 2 QSO (source number 2028), caught in a stage transitioning from being starburst dominated to AGN dominated, which was possible to isolate only thanks to the combination of X-ray and infrared observations.

Identifier
Source https://heasarc.gsfc.nasa.gov/W3Browse/all/xmmcosmoid.html
Metadata Access http://dc.g-vo.org/rr/q/pmh/pubreg.xml?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=oai_datacite&identifier=ivo://nasa.heasarc/xmmcosmoid
Provenance
Creator Brusa et al.
Publisher NASA/GSFC HEASARC
Publication Year 2020
Contact Michael Preciado <Michael.E.Preciado@nasa.gov>
Representation
Resource Type AstroObjects
Format text/xml
Discipline Various