Regioselective 3-O-Substitution of Unprotected Thiodigalactosides: Direct Route to Galectin Inhibitors


Regioselective derivatization of oligosaccharides is a challenging issue in carbohydrate chemistry. A commonly required series of (de)protection steps substantially lowers synthetic yields and increases time demands. We present here a regioselective one-step introduction of benzylic substituents at 3-hydroxy moieties of beta-D-galactopyranosyl-(11)-thio-beta-D-galactopyranoside (TDG) employing tin butyl oxide in fair isolated yields. These glycomimetics act as inhibitors of galectins - human lectins, which are biomedically attractive targets for therapeutic inhibition. The affinity of prepared glycomimetics to recombinant galectin-1 and galectin-3 was studied in ELISA-type assay and their inhibitory potential was also demonstrated on the surface of a model HEK293 cell line. The results of biological experiments were correlated with data from molecular modelling with both galectins. The present work reveals a facile and elegant synthetic route for the preparation of glycomimetics that exhibit differing selectivity and affinity to various galectins depending on the choice of 3-O-substitution. In order to rationalize structure-activity relationships of tested ligands we carried out a series of molecular dynamics simulations and quantum chemical calculations. We present input and output files for quantum chemical geometry optimizations and calculations of interactions energies. These calculations were carried out in Gaussian 09 package. These results can be visualized using Molden, Molekel or other programs. Molecular dynamics simulations were carried out using Gromacs 5.1.3 package. Initial structures of production simulations and trajectories (without water) are presented. The results can be visualized by VMD or other structure visualization packages with a support for trajectory input.

Metadata Access
Creator Vašíček, Tomáš; Spiwok, Vojtěch; Červený, Jakub; Petrásková, Lucie; Bumba, Ladislav; Vrbata, David; Pelantová, Helena; Křen, Vladimír; Bojarová, Pavla
Publisher Materials Cloud
Publication Year 2020
Rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess; Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
OpenAccess true
Contact archive(at)
Language English
Resource Type Dataset
Discipline Materials Science and Engineering