Machine learning to identify symbiotic stars

In this second paper in a series of papers based on the most-up-to-date catalogue of symbiotic stars (SySts), we present a new approach for identifying and distinguishing SySts from other H{alpha} emitters in photometric surveys using machine learning algorithms such as classification tree, linear discriminant analysis, and K-nearest neighbour. The motivation behind this work is to seek for possible colour indices in the regime of near- and mid-infrared covered by the 2MASS and WISE surveys. A number of diagnostic colour-colour diagrams are generated for all the known Galactic SySts and several classes of stellar objects that mimic SySts such as planetary nebulae, post-AGB, Mira, single K and M giants, cataclysmic variables, Be, AeBe, YSO, weak and classical T Tauri stars, and Wolf-Rayet. The classification tree algorithm unveils that primarily J-H, W1-W4, and K_s_-W3, and secondarily, H-W2, W1-W2, and W3-W4 are ideal colour indices to identify SySts. Linear discriminant analysis method is also applied to determine the linear combination of 2MASS and AllWISE magnitudes that better distinguish SySts. The probability of a source being an SySt is determined using the K-nearest neighbour method on the LDA components. By applying our classification tree model to the list of candidate SySts (Paper I, Akras et al. 2019MNRAS.483.5077A), the IPHAS list of candidate SySts, and the DR2 VPHAS+ catalogue, we find 125 (72 new candidates) sources that pass our criteria while we also recover 90 per cent of the known Galactic SySts.

Cone search capability for table J/MNRAS/483/5077/tablec1 (A further classification of the candidates based on the classification tree)

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Creator Akras S.; Leal-Ferreira M.L.; Guzman-Ramirez L.; Ramos-Larios G.
Publisher CDS
Publication Year 2022
OpenAccess true
Contact CDS support team <cds-question(at)>
Resource Type Dataset; AstroObjects
Discipline Astrophysics and Astronomy; Interdisciplinary Astronomy; Natural Sciences; Observational Astronomy; Physics; Stellar Astronomy