National Research and Experimental Development Survey (R&D) 2015-16: All provinces in South Africa - Aggregated


Description: This data set contains data on the R&D expenditure by province, type of R&D, research fields, socioeconomic objectives, sources of funds and province. R&D personnel data is also included. The data is recorded for each of the following economic sectors of the South African economy: Business, Government, Higher Education, Not-for-Profit Organisations and Science Councils. Abstract: The National Survey of Research and Experimental Development (R&D) Survey collects data under strict confidentiality. Aggregate data are used primarily to inform policy and strategic planning at a national level.

The National R&D Survey 2015/16 collected primary data from five survey sectors:

Business sector which consists of companies, business associations and state owned enterprises.

Government sector includes national and provincial departments, research institutes and museums.

Higher Education Institutions sector is made up of universities, universities of technology and private higher education institutions. Some limited supplementary data from HEMIS was used in this sector.

Not-for-Profit Organisations (NPO) sector.

Science Councils sector.

Some general organisational information was collected. The survey however focused on Human Resources and Financial data relating to in-house R&D conducted on the national territory of South Africa.

In-house R&D personnel categories included:


Technicians directly supporting R&D

Other personnel directly supporting R&D

Qualifications, gender and race

Full-time-equivalents (FTE) on R&D

In-house R&D expenditure categories included:

Capital expenditure, labour costs and other current expenditure.

Type of R&D (basic research, strategic basic research, applied research and experimental development)

Provincial location

Sources of funds

Research fields (fields of science)

Socio-Economic Objective

Industry of R&D (Business sector only)

The universe of R&D performers was divided into the following five sectors as per the Survey Report 2001/2 dated September 2004:

Business enterprises (BUS): The business sector of large, medium and small enterprises, including state-owned companies.

Government (GOV): All government departments with an R&D component, government research institutes and museums.

Higher education institutions (HEI): Higher education institutions, namely the 21 universities (and academic hospitals) and 15 technikons.

Not-for-profit (NPO): Non-governmental and other organisations formally registered as not-for-profit institutions.

Science councils (SCI): the eight science research councils, plus the Africa Institute of South Africa, as established through their individual Acts of Parliament

The sampling method of each sector is briefly outlined below:

Business Sector: a purposive sampling procedure was employed whereby all known and likely R&D performers were targeted.

Government Sector: was surveyed using a census approach. All national and provincial government departments, research institutions and museums performing R&D were included.

Higher Education Sector: institutions, namely universities and universities of technology were included through a census survey.

Not-for-Profit Organisations (NPO) Sector: a purposive sampling procedure was employed whereby all known and likely R&D performers were targeted.

Science Councils Sector: were surveyed using a census approach.

Response rate = 100 x [Responses / (Responses + Non-responses - Out-of-scopes)], where non-responses include refusals and out-of-scopes include closed down, non-R&D performer, return to sender, untraceable, etc.

Business sector response rate = 100 x [414/(414 + 210 - 76)] = 75.5%

Not-for-profit sector response rate = 100 x [46/(46 + 36 - 14)] = 67.6%

Government sector response rate = 100 x [52/(52 + 48 - 5)] = 54.7%

Science Councils sector response rate = 100 x [13/(13 + 0 - 0)] = 100.0%

Higher Education sector (Public) response rate = 100 x [21/(21 + 3 - 0)] = 87.5%

Higher Education sector (Private) response rate = 100 x [7/(7 + 2 - 0)] = 77.8%

Overall survey response rate = 100 x [553/(553 + 299 - 95)] = 73.1%

Email survey

Face-to-face interview

Postal survey

Telephone interview

Metadata Access
Creator Makelane, Hlamulo Reply; Clayford, Mario Andre; Khan, Firdous; Kruss Van Der Heever, Glenda Esther; Mathekga, Mmanoko Jerry; Molotja, Neo; Mudavanhu, Precious; Mustapha, Nazeem; Parker, Saahier; Saunders, Natasha Charmaine; Sithole, Moses Mefika; Vlotman, Natalie Adelai; Hlakula, Zinziswa Kate; Kondlo, Lwando Orbet; Maciko, Loyiso; Binda, Lindiwe Eva; Buchana, Yasser; Malaza, Timothy Nhlanhla; Maluleke, Maria Makhaukane; Mshengu, Gina; Ngqulu, Ndiyakholwa; Ralphs, Gerard Patrick; Sass, Theodore; Senekal, Janine Susan; Takatshana, Sinovuyo; Zulu, Thembinkosi Nkosinathi; Human Sciences Research Council
Publisher HSRC - Human Science Research Council SA
Contributor Human Sciences Research Council; Department of Science and Technology
Publication Year 2018
Rights Other; By accessing the data, you give assurance that The data and documentation will not be duplicated, redistributed or sold without prior approval from the rights holder. The data will be used for scientific research or educational purposes only. The data will only be used for the specified purpose. If it is used for another purpose the additional purpose will be registered. Redundant data files will be destroyed. The confidentiality of individuals/organisations in the data will be preserved at all times. No attempt will be made to obtain or derive information from the data to identify individuals/organisations. The HSRC will be acknowledged in all published and unpublished works based on the data according to the provided citation. The HSRC will be informed of any books, articles, conference papers, theses, dissertations, reports or other publications resulting from work based in whole or in part on the data and documentation. For archiving and bibliographic purposes an electronic copy of all reports and publications based on the requested data will be sent to the HSRC. To offer for deposit into the HSRC Data Collection any new data sets which have been derived from or which have been created by the combination of the data supplied with other data. The data team bears no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses. Failure to comply with the End User License may result in sanctions being imposed.; Download
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Contact HSRC - Human Science Research Council SA
Resource Type Dataset
Discipline Economics