More than one century of hydrological monitoring in two small catchments with different forest coverage, Sperbelgraben and Rappengraben (Switzerland)


Long-term data on precipitation and runoff are essential to draw firm conclusions about the behavior and trends of hydrological catchments that may be influenced by land-use and climate change. Here the longest continuous runoff records (1903 - 2015) from small catchments (less than 1 km2) in Switzerland (and possibly worldwide) are provided as a data set. The history of the hydrological monitoring in the Sperbel- and Rappengraben (Emmental) is summarized in Stähli et al., Environ Monit Assess (2011). The runoff stations operated safely for more than 90% of the summer months when most of the major flood events occurred. Nevertheless, the absolute values of peak runoff during the largest flood events are subject to considerable uncertainty (also discussed in Stähli et al., 2011). This treasure trove of data can be used in various ways, eg. for analysis of the generalized extreme value distributions of the two catchments, of the mechanisms governing the runoff behavior of small catchments, as well as for testing stochastic and deterministic models.

Metadata Access
Creator Manfred Stähli (WSL); Andreas Ludwig (WSL); Karl Steiner (WSL); Alexandre Badoux (WSL)
Publisher Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape WSL
Contributor Manfred Staehli; EnviDat
Publication Year 2016
Funding Reference Funding information not available.
Rights WSL Data Policy
OpenAccess true
Contact envidat(at)
Language English
Resource Type Dataset
Format ZIP
Size 2482693 bytes
Version 1
Discipline Environmental Research
Spatial Coverage (7.843 LON, 47.016 LAT); Sperbelgraben and Rappengraben (Switzerland)