Miocene Biomarker Temperature and CO2 Estimates from DSDP Site 94-608, supplement to: Super, James R; Thomas, Ellen; Pagani, Mark; Huber, Matthew; Hull, Pincelli M (2018): North Atlantic temperature and pCO2 coupling in the early-middle Miocene. Geology, 46(6), 519-522


Climate proxies indicate coupling between changes in atmospheric pCO2, global temperatures and ice volume over much of the Cenozoic. Evidence has been presented for decoupling of these factors in the Miocene, though the cause of the apparent decoupling was uncertain. Here, we revisit Deep Sea Drilling Program (DSDP) Site 608 (24-9 Ma) in the North Atlantic, to provide improved constraints on sea surface temperatures (SSTs) using the TEX86 and Uk'37 proxies, and use these to recalculate atmospheric pCO2. From the Oligocene/Miocene boundary to the middle Miocene Climatic Optimum (MCO, ~23.03 to ~14.5 Ma), SSTs at Site 608 were upwards of 30°C, nearly 15 °C warmer than modern. During the Middle Miocene Climatic Transition (MMCT), starting at ~14.5 Ma, SSTs cooled by ~ 6 °C These lower SSTs persisted until the end of our record (9 Ma). Our organic proxy derived SST estimates are considerably higher than those previously calculated from planktonic foraminiferal oxygen isotope data, leading to reassessed pCO2 estimates from alkenones ~65 to ~175 ppm higher than previously calculated, with other assumptions held constant. A pCO2 decrease from an average of ~430 ppm in MCO to ~305 ppm after the MMCT, in step with the ~6 °C SST cooling, demonstrates coupling of climate and the carbon cycle, as well as a highly sensitive climate system.

DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.887725
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1130/G40228.1
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.887725
Creator Super, James R; Thomas, Ellen; Pagani, Mark; Huber, Matthew; O'Brien, Charlotte L; Hull, Pincelli M
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2018
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
OpenAccess true
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Collection of Datasets
Format application/zip
Size 3 datasets
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-23.087 LON, 42.837 LAT); North Atlantic/FLANK